Top 17 Functions Of Human Resource Management

The functions of human resource management are key to any organisation’s/enterprise’s success, growth, and sustainability. It is the vital link between people and organizations.

Human resource management, HRM is the process of planning, organizing, directing, and controlling human resources to achieve an organization’s goals.

Human resource management (HRM) is the discipline or practice of managing human resources to maximize an organization’s return on investment, develop high-performing and committed employees, and achieve organizational goals.

Functions Of Human Resource Management

HRM plays an important role in ensuring that organizations can attract and retain the right people, develop them appropriately and reward them appropriately.

Human resources are the assets of an organization that provides it with its ability to function. They include people who are employed at the organization and those who are not but perform work for or on behalf of an organization.

Functions Of Human Resource Management, HRM
Functions Of Human Resource Management

What Is Human Resource Management And Its Functions

The term human resources refer to all the people who work for an organization. Human resources management is concerned with the management of human resources for an organization.

Human resource management is a process that involves recruiting, selecting, orienting, and training employees; making decisions about issues such as wages and benefits; motivating workers through rewards and recognition; developing career development plans; and providing necessary training to ensure job performance.

What Is Human Resource Management
What Is Human Resource Management

Human resources professionals provide specialized services relating to recruitment, selection, orientation, and training of employees, compensation and benefits administration, performance evaluation systems, career development planning, and employee relations activities. They also advise companies on how they can improve their productivity through better employee relations practices.

The functions of human resource management (HRM) are not just about hiring and firing employees, but also providing strategies for enhancing employee performance and productivity through training, coaching, development, and motivation.

We’ll look at HRM functions in more detail in the lines below.

Meaning Of Human Resource Management, HRM

The meaning of human resource management can be best explained as a discipline concerned with all aspects of people management in an organization, including recruitment, training, development, and compensation.

Meaning Of Human Resource Management
Meaning Of Human Resource Management

It also includes a role for HR professionals in the screening and selection process for employees, appraising performance against job expectations, developing career paths for employees within their organization or industry, conducting employee surveys to measure employee satisfaction levels with various aspects of their workplace environment (job satisfaction), planning careers for individuals leaving the organization through retirement planning services.

HRM also includes managing employee relations both internally with other employees as well as externally with customers, suppliers and vendors.

What Are The Functions Of Human Resource Management, HRM

The functions of human resource management or HRM include planning, control, and development of the workforce in an organization to meet its requirements for a particular task or role.

A good HRM plan will ensure that workers are properly trained for their tasks and roles. A bad HRM plan will result in losses due to poor performance on the part of workers.

What Are The Functions Of Human Resource Management, HRM
What Are The Functions Of Human Resource Management, HRM

Human resource management functions can be broadly categorized under three heads, namely-

  1. Managerial Functions,
  2. Operative Functions, and
  3. Advisory Functions.

Managerial Functions Of Human Resource Management

The managerial functions are related to the day-to-day management of any organization, or enterprise. These managerial functions of human resource management are as listed below:

Managerial Functions Of Human Resource Management
Managerial Functions Of Human Resource Management

Human Resource Planning

Human resource planning is the process of determining the number and type of employees needed to accomplish organizational goals. The focus of human resource planning is on the organization’s long-term strategic objectives and aspirations.

It involves analyzing how their business will operate in the future concerning their products and services, markets they serve, customers they want to serve, and other key factors such as demographic trends.

Human resource planning provides managers with a way to manage their employees more effectively through appropriate job design, training and development, and performance management.

The HRM department is responsible for providing direction in regard to the hiring, development, t and compensation of employees. The department also provides policies and strategies to ensure a positive working environment for all employees.

The employee population is examined for its demographics, skills, and experience level. The effectiveness of the existing workforce is evaluated to determine if changes need to be made to achieve organizational goals.

Shortly, in this function, the number and type of employees needed to accomplish organizational goals are determined. This can be done by analyzing the various job roles that need to be filled, and determining which skills are needed for each role and how many people will be needed for each role.


Organizing implies what you want to accomplish and how. Once you have done that, it’s time to figure out how you’re going to get there. This may involve a lot of brainstorming.

Employees who feel that their work is meaningful will be more likely to perform well, which will result in higher productivity, greater quality of work, and improved customer satisfaction.

Relationships are established among the employees so that they can collectively contribute to the attainment of the organization’s goal. The employees may have different backgrounds and experiences, but they are all working toward a common goal. The relationship between subordinates and superiors is also important for employee motivation.

Also, the relationship between employees and the organization is one of the most important factors in the success of an organization. Employees are expected to be loyal, dedicated, and committed to the organization’s vision. They also have a great impact on employee morale.

The best way to establish relationships is by having employees meet each other, talk about their work, and learn from each other. This helps the employees understand each other’s strengths and weaknesses, which can be beneficial for the both, employees and entrepreneurs.

Employees should also build strong relationships with their managers. Managers should do their best to spend time with new hires so that they get to know them better, including sharing personal stories about their lives outside of work.


The way we direct our employees depends on the nature of their work. Employees working in a routine job can be motivated by a set of rules, while those working in an unpredictable environment need to be motivated by a combination of rewards and punishments.

The first step in this direction is to have a clear vision of what you want your company to be and where you want to go. This is accomplished by having a mission statement that clearly defines the purpose of your business. It should be written by your highest level leaders and it should be communicated to all employees, but especially those at the lowest levels who will benefit from it most.

Once you have a mission statement, it’s time for employees at all levels to take ownership of their own goals within it. Employees need to know what they can accomplish on their own and how they can help achieve company goals as well as one’s own. In short, they should know what success looks like for themselves and how they can get there

Once employees understand their role within the organization, they need to be motivated by examples of others who are achieving success at work or elsewhere in life. This can be done through mentorships or other means of sharing experiences and providing support when needed.

When you pay attention to how you reward your employees, it will help them do their jobs better because they will understand what motivates them daily and how their efforts can affect their personal lives as well as the company’s bottom line.

Employees who are not motivated to contribute their maximum are lost in the company. This can be done by proper direction, which is the most important. A person should be motivated by his or her boss and colleagues. If a worker is not interested in contributing to the organization, he or she will not work hard and will not perform his duties properly.

Motivation is not just about making employees work harder but also about making them work smarter. It should lead to innovation and creativity in the company. Motivating employees at different levels and making them contribute maximum to the organization is possible through the proper direction.

According to management experts, people are natural motivators when they are given tasks that are important to them and when they feel the reward for their efforts will be greater than that for others who do the same job.

For example, if you want your salespeople to sell more, make sure they understand what makes customers purchase from your company. Reward them regularly with bonuses or even with free products for selling a specific amount of product or for meeting specific goals such as increased revenue or increased profit margin.


Control measures are used to maintain the desired performance level. They are designed to maintain or improve the quality of the product, service, or process. This could include having an audit trail to check on the actual performance of the process against what was planned. If there is a deviation from the plan, controls must be put in place to ensure that it does not happen again.

A control measure is a planned step taken by management to achieve an intended goal. The purpose of these measures is to reduce the risk of failure and thus improve the chances of achieving a particular result or objective.

Control measures could include financial controls, such as budgets, cash flow forecasts, and account balances; personnel controls, such as policies, procedures, and rules and regulations; physical controls such as inventory levels; and technical controls such as equipment specifications and product design specifications.

Controls are often used by businesses to prevent fraud or embezzlement, particularly when there is a high degree of discretion over financial transactions. They may also be used to prevent the theft of materials or equipment during transportation or storage.

If the actual performance is found to deviate from the plan, control measures are required to be taken. This may be done through a variety of methods including:

  1. Internal control review- A review of internal control to identify any weaknesses and take remedial actions where they exist;
  2. External audit- An independent review by an external party who compares statements with actual results;
  3. Change management- An organizational process that identifies and addresses problems as they arise to achieve consistency between plans and actual results;
  4. Limit study- A study that identifies the reasons for differences between planned and actual results, and recommends changes to improve performance in future periods;
  5. Review of key assumptions- A formal examination of assumptions underlying the business model or planning cycle that has been used, or is being used, in making decisions about capital investments;
  6. Reviewing- Reviewing the plan regularly to identify any changes that need to be made based on actual results or new information;
  7. Plan of action- Setting up a detailed plan of action that includes all activities and their timing, resources required and their allocation among them, and measurement of performance indicators.

Operative Functions Of Human Resource Management

The operative functions are related to the day-to-day operations of any organization, or enterprise. These operative functions of human resource management are as listed below:

Operative Functions Of Human Resource Management
Operative Functions Of Human Resource Management

Recruitment And Hiring

Recruitment is the process of attracting, selecting, and hiring employees. It is a fundamental human resource management function that is carried out by human resource departments in organizations. Recruitment will help an organization attract the right people for their business and also identify which candidates are not suitable for their business.

Recruitment brings the pool of prospective candidates for the organization so that the management can select the right candidate. This process involves several activities:

Identification- Identification is done by gathering information about job requirements, salary ranges, and any other relevant information about a particular job vacancy. A recruitment agency will do this task for you. They have access to many sources of information such as job vacancy lists published in newspapers, classified ads in newspapers, online job vacancy sites, etc.

Selection- Selection involves screening out unsuitable candidates from a large number of applicants who apply for a particular position or role within your organization. The selection criteria may be based on education level, skills required for a particular position or role, or even age and experience requirements for certain positions within your organization

Hiring- Once an appropriate candidate has been identified and selected, it’s time to hire them!

So, recruiting is the process of attracting people who fit into an organization’s job requirements. The process of attracting and selecting new candidates is referred to as recruitment.

Job Analysis And Design

Job analysis is a systematic process of identifying the key tasks that need to be performed by employer to meet organizational objectives. It helps organizations plan, organize, and structure their work so that it can be performed efficiently.

The purpose of this exercise is to provide a rational basis for human resource planning by describing what must be done and by who to accomplish business goals and objectives.

Job analysis should be used when planning new positions or when deciding on how to train someone for a new position. A job analysis will help identify what skills are necessary to perform the job, how much time it takes to do the work, how much physical activity is required, and whether there are any safety concerns associated with doing this work.

A job analysis must be based on an understanding of the purpose and impact of the job. The analysis should also include an understanding of how each role within the organization contributes to accomplishing this purpose.

Job design is a term used in human resources management to describe the way jobs are organized, or structured. It involves placing all the activities involved in the job into one function.

Job design is a systematic organization of work that gives equal tasks their own significance. The job design determines how work is done, what needs to be done, when it needs to be done, who does it, how well it is done, how much time it takes to do it, and what equipment should be used.

Job design involves a consideration of people’s jobs during the production process. For example:

  • Whether workers should have their tools or not,
  • Whether they can manage their own time or not, or
  • Whether they need training or not.

Performance Appraisal

To be able to perform the function of performance appraisal, human resource professionals are required to have a good understanding of the company’s business goals and objectives. They must also be able to understand what’s expected from each employee in terms of performance.

The first step in performing an appraisal is to gather information about the employee’s past performance. Human resources professionals will usually ask for this information from the manager or supervisor who knows their work well. This will allow them to look at a person’s history and determine whether it falls within the company’s standards for performance.

Once this information has been gathered, it should be compared with the employee’s current performance level. In some cases, there may be discrepancies between what was previously reported and what is being reported today. If this is the case, then it might be necessary for human resource professionals to speak with both parties involved too to find out why there has been a change in performance levels over time.

The human resource specialist helps in ensuring that there is a balance in the organization between the needs of the organization, its customers, and its employees. This is done by providing various services related to employment, employee relations, training and development, compensation and benefits, labor relations, career planning, etc.

Training And Development

Training is a fundamental requirement for most jobs, and it is often an important part of an employee’s career path. Employers can provide training to help employees become more productive and efficient in their jobs. Employees can also learn new skills and train for new positions through education programs or continuing education.

Employees need ongoing training to stay on top of their jobs and keep up with changes in technology or industry. Continuing education also gives them an edge over others who have not received training recently.

Training and development can be advantageous for both the employee and the organization. The employee may learn new skills and become more valuable to the company, while the organization gains a more informed, capable employee.

Training and development is also an opportunity to improve productivity by improving employees’ performance. If an employee is given more responsibility or has more work to do, he or she will have to produce more results, which means that his or her job performance will be more important than it was before. This is beneficial for both the employee and the organization because it means that there are fewer instances of low-quality work being produced.

Training and development can help organizations increase profits by increasing their efficiency or effectiveness. In some cases, this may mean offering additional training that can increase productivity in specific areas or departments within an organization’s overall structure.

Training can also be used as an incentive to motivate employees to work harder on projects they’re currently working on so they can achieve better results in their current roles while still making progress toward larger goals for their careers or organizations as a whole.

Training and development programs help employees learn new skills, increase their knowledge and capabilities, and boost their self-confidence.

Training and development programs also help to retain existing employees. When people believe that they are being trained by a professional, they become more motivated to work hard at their job.


In order to ensure that there are enough resources available, it is necessary to know what types of jobs require a higher salary and which ones do not. It is also important to know which jobs have more value than others and therefore deserve higher pay.

The main goal of human resource management is to ensure that every employee receives the best compensation posse about for his or her skills and experience level.

In order to achieve the managers must know now exactly what each employee does during his or her day-to-day activities so they can determine if they should receive a higher salary or if they need more training to increase their skills and experience level.

In almost every company, some employees are paid less than others. The reason for this is that employees with special skills or experience might be worth more than those without them.

For example, a highly skilled accountant who works for a large corporation may earn more than an entry-level accountant with no experience. This is because the former accountant will be able to do more work in less time and therefore earn more money from his employer.

The same principle applies to all other types of companies: if you have special skills, then you should be paid more than someone else who does not have them.

The pay scales can be on certain criteria, such as:

Experience– Experience with a particular job determines the level of pay. For example, an employee with 10 years of experience in his field will be paid more than an employee who has only worked for six months in that field.

Skill– Skill determines how much you will get paid for your work. For example, if you are an accountant and your manager requires that you handle accounting matters quickly and accurately without making mistakes, then your salary will increase accordingly.

Education– Education determines how much you will get paid for something that requires a higher level of knowledge or skill than what others have. This applies mostly to professions such as medicine and engineering where there are strict requirements regarding education and experience levels required before one can practice that profession.

Employee Welfare Program

An employee welfare program (EWP) is a broad term that refers to various services, benefits, and facilities that are provided to employees for their well-being. An EWP may include medical benefits, financial assistance for education or training, and assistance with relocation costs.

Employee welfare programs are generally provided by the employer to the employees so that they can enjoy their work and make a good impression at the workplace. This function refers to various services, benefits, and facilities that are provided to employees for their well-being.

The term employee welfare program is used broadly in several industries including manufacturing, construction, retail, restaurant, hospitality, etc.

Employee welfare programs can be divided into two categories:

1) Preventive measures: These programs help in maintaining the health and safety of employees at the worksite. They ensure that there is no risk of accidents or injuries on duty.

Examples include medical checkups before starting duty as well as after several months when someone is on long leave from work or has taken sick leave due to an illness or injury.

2) Protective measures: These programs protect against accidents on duty and occupational hazards such as burns or cuts etc., which may otherwise result in loss of life or limb of the worker.

Examples include fire safety training for employees who work with chemicals or other harmful substances; emergency escape training which teaches them how to escape from smoke-filled rooms etc.; first aid training which teaches them how to treat minor injuries.

The main features of the employee welfare program include:

  • Providing free health care to its employees;
  • Providing free education to its employees;
  • Providing free transportation facilities to its employees;
  • Providing free housing facilities for their employees;
  • Providing food distribution system for its employees; etc.

Employee Retention

If you want your business to grow in size, you must retain all of your employees because if they leave, then you have lost money and also the time that could have been spent on new projects instead of looking for replacements.

Retaining employees also helps in retaining customers who have been loyal to your company for years. If they leave, it could hurt your business if they tell their friends about their experience at your company and they decide to switch over to another one instead of returning to yours again in the future.

When an employee loses interest in their job, it can be difficult for managers to keep them at their current position or even convince them to stay. To retain employees, you need to understand what keeps them committed and how they could improve their performance.

These four factors help motivate people in the workplace:

1) Job security- This is the most important factor for most employees as it provides more stability within an organization and a sense of security when they work there.

2) Compensation- Salary plays a very important role in retaining employees because employees want enough money to afford their family needs and live an adequate lifestyle.

3) Growth opportunities- This factor is important because it allows employees to develop new skills which can help them gain greater rewards in future jobs or promotions within your company.

4) Good working conditions-These factors are related to the physical environment such as environment control temperature air pollution etc., but also include psychological factors such as stress levels, etc., which influence workers’ performance levels.

Labor Relations

Labor relations is a broad term that encompasses many areas. It includes collective bargaining, job security, work control, and the relationship between management and labor representatives.

The main purpose of this function is to manage labor relations through communication and consultation, as well as through negotiation and mediation to maintain stability in labor relations.

This function of human resource management ensures that the employer and employees reach an agreement on wages, benefits, and other terms and conditions of employment. The function also includes ensuring that employees are treated fairly in the workplace.

Personnel Research

Personnel research can be broken down into two main categories: quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative methods involve collecting numerical data about a specific subject. Qualitative methods rely on observation of behavior and verbal reports from subjects.

The term “personnel research” refers to the process of gathering information about employees and their working conditions, employment policies, and benefits.

Personnel research has been around since the first day of business when human resources managers used it to recruit new employees. Today, personnel research is done by human resource management to gather employees’ opinions on wages and salaries, promotions, working conditions, welfare activities, and leadership.

Personnel Record

The Personnel Records function involves recording, maintaining, and retrieving employee-related information like – application forms, employment history, working hours, and salaries. The personnel records can be viewed by employees or managers to know the current status of their staff members.

The personnel records are also used to track and record the achievement of certain objectives such as – promotion, demotion, or termination.

It also includes the following activities:

  1. Recording of data such as name and position of the employee to make it easy for the company to identify them at any point in time.
  2. Effective management of human resources by keeping track of their attendance records and other relevant information about them.
  3. The staff room can be used for storing important documents such as personnel files, employee handbooks, etc.

Advisory Functions of Human Resource Management

The advisory functions are related to advising on any organization, or enterprise’s day-to-day functions. These advisory functions of human resource management are as listed below:

Advisory Functions Of Human Resource Management
Advisory Functions Of Human Resource Management

Advising The Top Management

The human resource managers help develop a sound personnel policy for the organization. The personnel manager is also responsible for training employees, developing performance standards, conducting employee surveys and appraisals, selecting hiring priorities, and selecting new employees.

The personnel manager also advises on the selection process for new employees and reports to the head of HR on any problems that may arise with employees.

The duties of a personnel manager include:

  • Evaluating applicants for job openings,
  • Handling employee performance reviews,
  • Conducting interviews to evaluate personality traits, skills, and abilities in job candidates,
  • Assisting with training new employees, and
  • Developing job descriptions and other relevant documents.

Also, the personnel manager works with human resources professionals to identify qualified candidates for available positions. The personnel manager evaluates job candidates for skills that fit with organizational needs and evaluates job performance based on specific criteria established by the organization.

The personnel manager also conducts exit interviews with departing employees to gain insight into their experiences at work.

Advising Various Department Heads

The personnel manager is responsible for developing a career ladder for the organization’s employees by ensuring that there is a clear career path for each employee.

The personnel manager often works with other department heads on issues such as staff morale or employee relations. This person typically reports to the human resources manager or another senior executive in charge of human resources (HR) functions.

The personnel manager is responsible for the selection and development of employees. He recommends positions to be filled by employees in the organization and also recommends promotions for them. The personnel manager also has to make sure that all new hires are properly trained for their jobs.

The personnel manager’s duties include:

  1. Guiding senior executives regarding appropriate employment practices and policies
  2. Conducting employee surveys to assess organizational strengths and weaknesses
  3. Developing strategic plans for organizational growth by analyzing past results and future trends
  4. Analyzing job descriptions to ensure that they are clear and concise
  5. Preparing job specifications for each position to attract qualified candidates with relevant experience
  6. Recruiting new employees for open positions through networking activities with potential candidates

4 Functions Of HRM

After today, you’ll never have to worry about the ‘What are the four functions of human resource management?’ question. We’ll look at all 4 HRM functions in detail in the lines below.

  1. Acquisition
  2. Development
  3. Motivation
  4. Maintenance
4 Functions Of HRM
4 Functions Of HRM

Acquisition Function Of HRM

The acquisition Function Of HRM is concerned with getting the right talent to work. It is about identifying and recruiting new employees, providing training for them, developing them into productive employees, retaining them, and making sure that they are working in an environment where they can do their best work.

Acquisitions can be complex, and the implications for your organization may not be immediately obvious. Once you’ve made the decision to acquire, you’ll want to understand what’s involved in making it happen.

The functions of recruitment, selection, and hiring are typically handled by the human resources department. Recruitment involves finding candidates who meet your job specifications. The process may include advertising open positions on job boards, conducting interviews with candidates, and testing them for skills required for the position you have available. This is typically done in a group setting.

Selection is when you identify the most qualified candidates for your job openings. You’ll use criteria such as experience level, education level, or certifications held by candidates in order to determine which ones will be most likely to succeed in your organization.

Hiring is when you hire someone who has been selected through either recruitment or selection processes as part of your organization’s overall hiring strategy.

The acquirement function of human resource management ensures that the right kind of people is hired to work at your company. It also ensures that the right people are kept on board and promoted when they deserve it.

It’s important for an organization to have a good acquisition process in place so that they can attract the best talent and keep them engaged with their work.

Development Function Of HRM

The development function of HRM is about working on the competency of the employees hired. It is not just about making sure that they are aware of their rights and responsibilities, but also about making sure that they are able to perform their job effectively.

This is done through training and education programs, where managers and supervisors interact with the employees in a way that allows them to understand the work environment they are expected to do, as well as how they can improve their skills in order to be more effective at what they do.

The main focus of this function of HRM is to help them grow as individuals and as a team.

The development of skills, abilities, and knowledge are key factors for the development of an employee’s competency. The HRM department can use different methods to develop these skills and knowledge in employees.

One method used by HRM is to give training seminars on various topics that are relevant to their jobs such as leadership, communication skills, etc. This will help them better understand their roles in the company and how they can better perform their job duties.

Another method used by HRM is to conduct workshops where they discuss upcoming changes or new policies within the company. This helps them prepare for any possible changes in the industry which may affect their jobs or performance at work.

Motivation Function Of HRM

The motivation function of HRM is about providing an environment where employees feel comfortable enough to share their thoughts and ideas about what might be done better or differently, so long as these ideas don’t interfere with company policy or procedures.

By allowing employees to express themselves freely without fear of reprisal, helps them feel more confident in expressing themselves without fear of being reprimanded or punished for doing so.

This function of HRM is to develop, implement and improve the skills, knowledge, and attitudes required to enhance an organization’s ability to compete in today’s marketplace.

HRM plays a major role in attracting and retaining candidates by providing them with all sorts of benefits such as health insurance, education, training, and more.

The HR department also undertakes recruitment activities for new employees and helps them adapt to their new environment. The HR department has a good understanding of what is needed from each employee and how to provide it in order to make these employees successful in their career paths.

The motivation function of HRM is about keeping the morale of employees high so they continue to contribute towards fulfilling the organization’s goal along with achieving their own personal goals.

Maintenance Function Of HRM

The retention or maintenance function of HRM is about providing the right incentives to employees to keep them in the organization and minimize employee turnover. The best way to retain employees is to provide value for money.

It helps in maintaining a healthy work environment by providing recognition, rewards, and motivation for employees. It also helps to retain good employees by providing them with opportunities to work on projects that are relevant to their area of expertise.

This can be done through various means:

  1. Providing training programs for employees– this may include on-the-job training, corporate training, personal development, etc. This will help them understand the value of the company, how they should behave in certain situations and how they can excel at their job. It also helps them gain knowledge about the business environment so that they are not taken advantage of by other companies or individuals.
  2. Providing career development opportunities– this includes providing employees with opportunities for growth and promotion within their organization as well as outside it, such as by getting them involved in new projects or taking up new responsibilities within the organization or other organizations, etc. This helps them develop professionally and emotionally as well as financially because it gives them a sense of belongingness to the company and its goals.
  3. Providing benefits packages– this includes providing health insurance coverage for all employees (both full-time and part-time), life insurance coverage for all employees, retirement benefits for all employees who have reached a certain age level, or a number of years working for the company or organization.

A high retention rate helps an organization in achieving its business objectives because it reduces costs associated with recruiting and training new employees.

5 Functions Of Human Resource Management

The five functions of human resource management are as listed below-

4 Functions Of HRM
5 Functions Of HRM

Recruitment and hiring function of human resource management

Recruitment and hiring are important functions of human resource management. It is the process of finding, identifying, attracting, and selecting individuals who are skilled in their field or profession to become employees. It also involves developing and administering job descriptions and qualifications, conducting interviews, selecting candidates for training or placement, monitoring their performance, promoting those who perform well, and terminating those who do not meet standards or fail to perform adequately.

Recruitment refers to finding qualified employees who can fill a job opening. Hiring refers to the recruitment process itself. Recruitment often involves advertising jobs; hiring may involve formal interviews with applicants; both are often conducted through human resources professionals (HRPs).

Recruitment and hiring are important functions of human resource management. Employees are the most important assets of a business. A company’s success depends on its employees. Human resources are the people who make up an organization. The HR department is responsible for recruiting new employees and promoting current employees to their next level of advancement within the organization.

The HR department also manages employee benefits, such as health insurance, retirement plans, and other benefits offered by the company.

They may also be responsible for ensuring that all personnel policies are followed by employees in protecting their interests, such as those related to discrimination, harassment, and retaliation claims (or any other legal claims).

So, recruitment and hiring are important functions of human resource management. The company hires employees to do the work that needs to be done. The company also hires employees in top it run more efficiently.

When a company decides to hire someone new, they have to decide if they want someone with experience or if they want someone who has just graduated college and is still looking for their first job. Companies will often choose experienced employees because they know that they’ll be able to learn things quickly, but sometimes this isn’t possible.

If a company has a lot of positions available and no one is currently working on them, then it makes sense for them to hire someone new who hasn’t had much experience yet so that they can learn how things work from the ground up.

For companies to be successful and make money, they need employees who are willing and able to do the work that needs doing. This means that companies will often hire people who aren’t very good at doing certain tasks or who don’t have any experience doing certain tasks at all.

Managing recruitment includes many elements such as job description, interview process, and selection criteria. Hiring involves creating a position within an organization that suits the skills of the candidate and then filling it with an employee who meets these qualifications.

Onboarding and ongoing training and development

Onboarding and ongoing training and development are important functions of human resource management. It is the process of hiring, orienting, and training new employees.

Onboarding is the process by which new employees are introduced to their jobs. Onboarding involves setting up the employee’s desk and computer, providing orientation to the company policies and procedures, learning about the company’s culture and values, and introducing their manager to them.

Onboarding and ongoing training and development are important in human resource management. The HR manager is responsible for hiring, evaluating, and developing employees.

HR managers help employees get along with each other by helping them understand their role in the organization’s goals. They also provide training to help employees develop new skills or increase their knowledge base.

HR managers create a work environment that encourages employees to perform at their best and encourages them to excel in both their professional and personal lives.

Onboarding and ongoing training and development is an important funcfunctionshuman resource management. It is the process of introducing new employees to the organization, assisting them in their initial learning about the business and its operations, and providing them with the tools they need for success.

In today’s fast-paced environment, onboarding can mean many different things. Some companies use onboarding to teach new employees about the company culture, while others may have employees complete online courses or participate in on-the-job training.

Onboarding is also an opportunity for businesses to address any gaps in their employee skill sets by hiring qualified candidates who are not yet as skilled as their existing team members.

Onboarding and ongoing training and development are important functions of human resource management. Recruiters are responsible for finding qualified candidates, but the job of onboarding new employees and getting them up to speed on their job responsibilities is also critical.

The goal of onboarding is to get a new employee up to speed as quickly as possible, but it doesn’t end there. Once new employees are on board, they need ongoing training and support from the HR department to keep them happy and productive.

Here are some tips for how HR departments can best support onboarding:

  • Provide information about benefits and other resources available to new hires,
  • Designate a point person within HR who will be responsible for helping new hires with any questions or problems that arise during their first few weeks at work. This person should be easy to reach so that employees don’t have to wait long to get answers, and
  • Include instructions on how to contact this person in any documents that new employees receive during their onboarding process (like a welcome packet).

Managing employee and employer relationships

This function of human resource management is about managing employee and employer relationships. The main objective of this function is to maintain a productive and safe working environment, as well as promote ethical behavior, productivity, and accountability.

Employee Relationships- The first step in any relationship is trust, which can be built through honesty and open communication. Employees must trust that their employers have their best interests at heart regarding their work environment.

Employers should ensure that all employees are treated fairly and with respect. This includes providing adequate training and development opportunities for all employees, encouraging teamwork among team members, treating each person with dignity and respect at all times, and informing employees about changes in policies or procedures as soon as possible so that they may adjust accordingly.

Employer Relationships- Employers must also maintain good relationships with their employees by providing them with a safe working environment in which they feel comfortable expressing themselves freely without fear of retaliation from either side (they or their employer). In addition to the above items, employers should also make sure that they provide adequate compensation packages so that they can attract quality talent into their organization.

The human resource management function is responsible for recruiting, selecting, and hiring employees and developing job descriptions, performance standards, job evaluation systems, and training programs to meet the needs of the organization. The HR manager does not directly manage the work produced by other functions of the organization.

In addition to recruiting employees for specific positions in the organization, HR managers also recruit potential employees. They do this through advertising, interviewing potential candidates, and filling out applications. Once an employee has been hired, HR managers oversee their ongoing training and development.

HR managers also make sure that all employees are treated fairly by their colleagues and supervisors. They enforce regulations regarding workplace safety, diversity issues, and harassment complaints. In addition to these duties that are typical of most managers in any field, HR managers may be involved with some unique aspects of their position as well.

One unique aspect of the human resource management function is that it includes aspects of employee relations (ER), industrial relations (IR), and personnel management. ER involves managing problems between employees and employers while IR involves managing problems between workers themselves such as strikes or organizing efforts aimed at improving wages or benefits for all workers within an industry or even all

Managers need to develop and manage their human resources, which may include employees, consultants, contractors, and volunteers. The HR function is responsible for recruiting the best talent for the organization, providing training and development opportunities for employees, and developing employee performance throughout the organization.

Managers also coordinate and manage employee benefits programs, including health insurance, retirement plans, vacation time, and more. They ensure that employees receive salary increases as needed and are paid on time. Managers are also responsible for managing employee relations through conflict resolution with employees who may have problems at work or in their personal lives.

Human resource management (HRM) is the process of planning and coordinating people resources, including recruitment, selection, training, and development. It involves setting a strategy for the organization’s workforce.

HRM encompasses all human resources that are used to achieve organizational objectives and goals. These include employment practices, compensation, benefits, and performance management. HRM also involves managing human capital to enhance organizational performance.

Creating a rewarding company culture

Creating a rewarding company culture is an important function of human resource management. The company culture is the way the people in the organization work together to achieve their goals. It’s the attitudes and behaviors of employees that create a rewarding environment for everyone.

The first function of human resource management is creating a rewarding company culture. This involves providing employees with all the resources they need to be successful and encouraging them to take ownership of their work. Rewarding company culture can also help employees feel more satisfied in their jobs, which can lead to a reduction in turnover rates and lower costs associated with hiring new workers.

A good company culture gives employees a sense of belonging and makes them feel like they are part of something special. Great company culture makes employees want to come to work every day and do their best work because they know they will be rewarded for it.

An effective HR department should create a positive and energetic working environment that encourages employees to perform at their best. Creating an enjoyable workplace is one way to achieve this goal. For example, the HR department can provide incentives for employees who meet certain goals or produce outstanding work. These incentives might include free lunches or family-friendly daycare services.

The HR department also plays an important role in helping employees deal with difficult situations or personal problems that may arise during their workday. Many companies have special programs in place to help facilitate these kinds of conversations so that they can help prevent problems from escalating further.

Creating a rewarding company culture is an important function of human resource management. The human capital management department is tasked with making sure that employees are paid well and treated with dignity. In addition, the HR department has to ensure that people in their jobs are happy and engaged.

The company’s leaders should also make sure that employees have fair treatment when it comes to promotions and career progression. If the company does not believe in promoting from within, then it will certainly lose out on potential talent.

One of the biggest challenges faced by HR departments is how to manage diversity within their companies. This is especially true for companies that have a lot of different nationalities working for them as there can be cultural clashes at times which can lead to conflict between groups within the firm.

The best way to deal with this issue is through training so that all employees understand what it means to be diverse and how they can deal with situations when they arise so that they do not escalate into bigger issues that could lead to problems down the line.

The last thing that HR departments do is promote diversity within the workplace as well as across all levels of management. Too many workplaces are homogenous and it can be difficult for individuals with different backgrounds to feel accepted by their colleagues and managers alike. InToreate a more diverse workplace, organizations will often rely on hiring practices such as targeted recruiting campaigns and targeted advertising campaigns that include minorities in their advertisements

Overseeing disciplinary action-

Overseeing disciplinary action is an important function of human resource management. It is the responsibility of the supervisor to ensure that employees are punished according to their misdeeds and that career advancement is not achieved through unethical means. In addition, supervisors must ensure that employees do not use their positions for personal gain or the gain of someone else.

Overseeing disciplinary action functions of human resource management includes the following aspects-

  • Overseeing disciplinary action is an important function of human resource management. Discipline is the process by which an employee fulfills his/her obligations to the organization and its goals. This process can be administered through a variety of methods, including performance management systems, counseling and guidance, and termination.
  • Managing employees’ work schedules is also an important function of human resource management. This involves scheduling employees so that they have time off for vacations or other forms of rest before returning to their regular schedule. It also involves providing adequate breaks during the workday so that employees can take care of personal needs such as eating and sleeping.
  • Recruiting new employees is another important function of human resource management because it ensures growth in the workplace by increasing the number of people who are on board with your company’s mission and values.

Human resource management includes all activities that are done to develop, manage and utilize the human resources of an organization. It is not confined to the training of employees but extends to the entire spectrum of human resource management.

The function of HRM is to ensure that an organization has the right people in the right places at all times. These people include employees, managers, and executives. Human resource management also involves managing workforce diversity, succession planning, and employee relations issues.

HRM Functions And Objectives

We covered the functions of HRM in depth in the lines above. Let’s look at the objectives of HRM to get a whole idea about the concept of human resource management.

HRM functions And Objectives
HRM Functions And Objectives

By now, we know human resource management is the process of recruiting, selecting, and training employees. It involves the entire organization’s workforce, including all levels of management. HRM is responsible for ensuring that there are enough qualified people to accomplish the organization’s goals and objectives.

4 Main Objectives Of Human Resource Management

The objectives of human resource management or HRM include determining how existing personnel should be allocated to projects, projects that require highly specialized skills or knowledge, and how these skills can be transferred across divisions or departments.

The four basic objectives of HRM include-

  1. Defining organizational structure to facilitate productivity,
  2. Designing successful coordination and communication mechanism inside the organization,
  3. Finding the right talent and developing their skill set, and
  4. Implementing societal and ethical practices at the workplace.

Let’s look at the four main objectives of human resource management, HRM in detail.

four main objectives of human resource management, HRM
4 Main Objectives Of Human Resource Management, HRM

Defining Organizational Structure To Facilitate Productivity

The objectives of human resource management include defining organizational structure to facilitate productivity, recruitment, training, and development.

This is done through the process of establishing a clear strategic plan for the organization and identifying the needs of personnel. The strategic plan should include such elements as growth, expansion, marketplace trends, and customer needs.

The structure should be designed in such a manner that it supports the business goals. It should also be flexible enough to meet changing situations and challenges. The structure should be an integral part of the organization’s culture and its ability to perform effectively. In addition, it should ensure that all employees feel they are valued members of the team.

Human resource management focuses on developing people, building a positive workplace culture, and ensuring the well-being of employees. It also involves managing employee relations and ensuring that employees are kept informed about company policies.

In order to achieve these goals, organizations must have clear objectives for their employees. They must also know how they want their employees to behave in order to be successful at their jobs. There are many different ways to manage organizational structure in order to facilitate productivity.

Organization Structure helps productivity by facilitating coordination among various departments and groups within an organization. There are different types of structures based on the type of business organization.

Organizational structure is a key factor in how productive a company is, mainly because it affects the way employees work and interact with one another.

The organizational structure is the way an organization is structured. There are many different types of organizational structures that can be used within an organization. Each type of organizational structure has its own advantages and disadvantages, which make them best suited for certain types of organizations.

For example, a business organization may be divided into divisions, departments, or functional areas; each division may be further divided into multiple departments or functional areas; each department may be further divided into multiple functional areas; each functional area may be further divided into multiple sub-functions; etc. These divisions/departments/functions are called organizational structures or hierarchies. Each level has its own responsibility and authority to carry out its activities in an effective way.

Designing Successful Coordination And Communication Mechanisms Inside The Association

One of the primary objectives of HRM should be to maximize an organization’s productivity through effective employee management, but this goal can be achieved only if they have a sound organizational structure in place.

An effective organizational structure allows for easy communication between employees as well as easy access for managers and supervisors to get information about what’s going on in the company at any given time.

We know, human resource management is the process of acquiring, organizing, and deploying human resources in order to achieve strategic objectives. The objective of human resource management is to use all employees for the company’s growth. Human Resource Management (HRM) involves managing people and their skills in order to achieve organizational goals.

It is essential to develop and implement a good coordination mechanism in the organization. This is because it helps in effectively managing the employees within the organization. This will ensure that they are able to share their knowledge, skills, and experience with each other so that they can make better use of them in their work.

In addition to this, it also helps in ensuring that there are no conflicts within the organization. It makes sure that everyone within the organization works together as a team and this ensures that all of them have an equal opportunity to succeed at their tasks. This also ensures that there are no issues between individuals who may have different opinions or views on certain matters as well as disagreements over certain issues which might lead to conflict between them.

A good coordination mechanism also helps in ensuring that there are no gaps between those who have been promoted and those who have not yet been promoted for some reason or another. It also makes sure that all employees within an organization are treated equally regardless of whether they have been promoted or not yet promoted.

Human resource managers must also be able to deal with issues such as employee conflicts and performance problems, which may arise from time to time. They must be able to find solutions within an organization that will help prevent these problems from happening in the first place.

Finding The Right Talent And Developing Their Skill Set

The objective of human resource management is to find, hire and retain top talent. This can mean finding the right talent for the right job or finding the right person for a position within your company. It will also include developing their skill set and guiding them in their career path.

There are many ways to find great employees, but the best way is to use an employee referral program. This allows you to choose from a list of people who have worked for your competitors and see if they would fit your company culture well. You can also use word-of-mouth referrals from current employees or friends of potential candidates.

The key is that you need to choose carefully so that you don’t end up with someone who doesn’t fit into your culture or doesn’t have the skill set needed for the job at hand.

The objective of HRM is to ensure the organization’s people are engaged, motivated, and fully committed to the company’s mission, vision, and values.

If you’re looking for experienced candidates, consider doing an internal search where you bring in applicants who already know what they’re doing and have proven themselves through past experiences at other companies. You can also post jobs on job boards such as CareerBuilder or Dice, which allows you to reach out directly to potential candidates who are already looking for new opportunities.

Thus, HRM is an important part of any organization’s success because it allows organizations to maintain a competitive edge by attracting the best talent and keeping it. By optimizing HRM processes, organizations can increase the efficiency of their workforce and streamline operations.

Implementing Societal And Ethical Practices At The Workplace

The objectives of human resource management include implementing societal and ethical practices at the workplace. The objective of this human resource management includes developing a team that can work collaboratively and effectively in order to meet organizational goals, as well as to create a positive atmosphere for employees.

The objective of this human resource management is to provide a safe working environment for all workers, including those with disabilities. It also includes providing opportunities for employees to develop their skills and knowledge as well as motivating them to excel in their jobs.

Also, the objective of HRM here is to help employees feel respected and valued by providing them with opportunities for advancement, flexibility in scheduling, and opportunities for learning and development.

It calls for a safe working environment for all workers, including those with disabilities; creating an environment where employees feel comfortable sharing ideas or concerns; encouraging open communication between managers and employees; providing training on organizational policy and procedures that may be unfamiliar or unclear to new workers; ensuring that all laws are being complied with; keeping records on all employee activities, including complaints filed against an employee; not discriminating against any individual based on his/her race, color, national origin or sex.

In order to ensure that employees are protected from any form of discrimination, it is important that an employer has a well-defined policy in place. This can be done through the use of an Employee Handbook or Manual that contains clear guidelines on how the company treats its staff members. It should also contain information on how employees are expected to behave in order to avoid any possible discrimination issues.

It is also important for employers to have procedures in place regarding sexual harassment and other types of discrimination. These procedures should make it clear who is responsible for handling such issues and what measures should be taken when they occur.


As such, human resource management is one of the most important aspects of business management and is often worth a great deal of investment. As with any other aspect of business management, we encourage you to maintain an open mindset when considering HRM. Without this, it’s far too easy to fall in line with popular practices without actually assessing them in light of your own goals and needs as an organization/enterprise manager.

In short, the functions of human resource management are important because organizations and enterprises perform better when they properly manage their employees. With the right level of human resource management in place, you can be sure that your company will function as it should —without a hitch in its performance.

Hopefully, you’ve learned something new about the functions of human resource management. And if you’re already well versed in this subject area, hopefully, you can pass along that knowledge to future generations of business students and professionals.

Think back to your human resource management course in school and try to remember what some of the main functions are. Maybe you had an instructor that covered these concepts, or maybe you remember a slide in a PowerPoint presentation. No matter how you learned about them, they are very important skills to have. These functions will help guide you in your career if you’re just starting or have been in the workforce for several years. So take some time to review this list and decide which functions resonate with you and how you want to apply them to your life/career.

Human resource managers have the responsibility to develop and implement relevant human resource policies that are geared toward achieving the goals and objectives of the organization. For companies, human resource management requires a lot of planning and strategic thinking to achieve organizational goals of greater productivity, competent employees, and cost-cutting solutions.

We hope you got all the important information about the functions and objectives of human resource management from this detailed blog from our side.


What is the most important function of HRM?

The most important function of HRM is making the most out of the organization’s available human resources. This helps any organization achieve its desired goals and results which is crucial for any organization’s sustenance in today’s highly competitive environment.

What are the 12 functions of HRM?

The 12 functions of HRM include work relations, administrative relations, directing, remuneration, preparing and improvement, determination, employing, recruitment, work analysis, planning, execution, and evaluation of work, and controlling

What are the 7 functions of human resource management?

The 7 functions of human resource management are as listed below-
Recruitment and hiring,
Training employees,
Boss-worker relations,
Keep up with the organization’s culture,
Oversee employee benefits,
Establish a safe workplace, and
Handle disciplinary activities.

How many functions of HRM are there?

The four essential elements of the HRM are like those of any administrator or manager. These four basic functions of HRM are as follows-
1. Planning,
2. Organizing,
3. Directing, and
4. Controlling.

What are the main functions of human resource management?

The main functions of human resource management are those which any manager performs on a regular basis which include-
1. Planning,
2. Organizing,
3. Directing, and
4. Controlling.

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